Table 29
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Characteristics

Morphological traits

Isoenzymes

RFLPs

AFLPs/RAPDs

Microsatellites

Number of loci

limited

limited

almost unlimited

unlimited

high

Inheritance

dominant

co-dominant

co-dominant

co-dominant or dominant

co-dominant

Positive features

visible

easy to detect

utilized before the latest techniques were available

quick assay with many markers

well-distributed within the genome, many polymorphisms

Negative features

possibly negative linkage to other charac-ters

possibly tissue-specific

radio-activity required, rather expensive

high basic investment, patented

long development of the marker, expensive

TABLE 29: Types and characteristics of several markers in breeding and genetics

© by R. Schlegel 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

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