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Abbreviations and acronyms used in the glossary

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phy - physics

phys - physiology

phyt - phytopathology

pl - plural

PMCs - pollen mother cells

PPO - polyphenol oxidase

prep - preparation

Q - quintals

QTL - quantative trait loci

RAPD - random amplified polymorphic DNA

RCA-RCA - restriction and circularization-aided rolling circle amplification

RCB - randomized-complete block

REMAP - retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism

RFLP - restriction fragment length polymorphism

RILs - recombinant inbred lines

RNase - ribonuclease

RT-PCR - real-time polymerase-chain reaction

RWA - Russian wheat aphid

SAMPL - selective amplification of microsatellite polymorphic loci

SAUDPC - standardized area under the disease progress curve

SBMV - soilborne mosaic virus

SCAR - sequence-characterized amplified region

SDS - sodium dodecyl sulfate

seed - seed science

sero - serology

SINGER - System-wide Information Network for Genetic Ressources

SLB - Septoria leaf blotch

SNP - single nucleotide repeat

SSC - standard saline citrate buffer

SSD - single seed descent

SSLP - simple sequence length polymorphism

SSR - simple sequence repeat

stat - statistics

STMS - sequence tagged microsatellite site

STS - sequence tagged site

syn - synonymous

tax - taxonomy

TBS - tris-bufferd saline

TE - Tris-EDTA buffer

tech - technology

TET -  transiently-expressed transposase

TKW - thousand-kernel weight

TM - trade mark

Tm - melting temperature of DNA

TRIM - terminal-repeat retrotransposon in miniature

UNEP - United Nations Environment Program, Nairobi, Kenya

URL - uniform resource locator

US - term used in the USA

ver - Verb

VIGS - virus-induced gene silencing

WDF - wheat dwarf mosaic

WGA - whole genome amplification

WSBMV - wheat soilborne mosaic virus

WSMV- wheat streak mosaic virus

WSSMV- wheat spindle streak mosaic virus

WTO - World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

WYMV - wheat yellow mosaic virus

zoo - zoology

~ - corresponding meaning

>>> - see                            

adm - administration

AFLP - amplified fragment length polymorphism

agr - agriculture

Al - aluminum

anat - anatomy

ANOVA - analysis of variance

A-PAGE - acid polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

AUDPC- area under the disease progress curve

BILs - backcross inbred lines

bio - biology

biot - biotechnology

BMV - barley mosaic virus

bot - botany

bp - base pair(s)

BrdU - bromodeoxyuridine

bu - bushels

BYDV - barley yellow dwarf virus

CCN - cereal cyst nematode

cf - confer, compare

CHA - chemical hybridizing agent

chem - chemistry

cM - centimorgan

CMS - cytoplasmic male sterile

CSSLs - chromosome segment substitution lines

cyto - cytology

DAPI - 4’,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole

Dnase - deoxyribonuclease

DTT - dithiothreitel

dATP - deoxyadenosine triphosphate

dCTP - deoxycytidine triphosphate

dGTP - deoxyguanine triphosphate

dNTP - deoxyribonucleotide

dUTP - deoxuridine triphosphate

eco - ecology

EDTA - ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid

ELISA - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EM - electron microscope

EMS - ethyl methanesulfonate

EST - expressed sequence tag

envn - environment

eth - ethology

eth - ethology

evol - evolution

FEA - formalin-ethanol-acetic acid

FHB - Fusarium head blight

fore - forestry

f.sp. - forma specialis

f. w. - formular weight

gene - genetics

GIS - geographic-information system

GM - genetically modified

HMW - high-molecular weight (glutenin)

hort - horticulture

HPLC - high-performance liquid chromatography

HPV - human papilloma virus

http - hyper text transfer protocol

html - hyper text markup language

IRAP - inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism

ISSR - inter-simple sequence repeat

ITSR - internal transcribed spacer region

IUCN - International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland

lat - Latin

LMW - low molecular weight (glutenins)

MAS - marker-assisted selection

me - milli-equivalents

meth - methods

micr - microscopy

mmt - million metric tons

mRNA - messenger RNA

m.w. - molecular weight

NBT - nitroblue tetrazolium salt

NGO - nongovernmental organization

NILs - near-isogenic lines

NIR - near infrared

nt - nucleotide

PAGE - polyacrylaminde gel electrophoresis

PBS - phosphate-buffered saline

PCR - polmerase chain reaction

PEG - polyethylene glycol

PFG - paraformaldehyde-glutaraldehyde

PFGE - pulsed-field gel electrophoresis

© by R. Schlegel 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

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