Table 16
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Crop

Average composition (%)

Storage organ

Protein

Fat

Carbohydrate

Barley

12

3

76

Endosperm

Maize

10

5

88

Endosperm

Oats

13

8

66

Endosperm

Rye

12

2

76

Endosperm

Wheat

12

2

75

Endosperm

Broad bean

23

1

56

Cotyledons

Pea

25

6

52

Cotyledons

Peanut

31

48

12

Cotyledons

Soybean

37

17

26

Cotyledons

Castor bean

18

64

-

Endosperm

Oil palm

9

49

28

Endosperm

Pine

35

48

6

Gametophyte

Rapeseed

21

48

19

Cotyledons

TABLE 16: Food reserves of some crop plants, after BEWLEY and BLACK, 1985

© by R. Schlegel 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

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