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Symbolization
Symbol a...p
Symbol q...w
Symbol x...z
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Gene/Marker

Descriptor

q

Speltoid spike

QTL1-2RL, 5RL, 7R

Flowering time, days after sowing (292,302,520)

QTL2-2R

Number of spikes per plant (292,302)

QTL3-5RL2.3

Plant height of main tillers (292,302,496,499)

QTL4-5RL2.3

Peduncle length of main tillers (292,302)

QTL5-6R

Number of florets per spike of main tillers (292,302,361)

QTL6-2R

Number of grains per spike of main tillers (292,302,361)

QTL7-2R, 5RL

Spike yield of main tillers (302,361,520)

QTL8-2R

Thousand grain weight (302,499,506)

QTL9-5RL, 6RL

Straw yield (302)

QTL10-4RL

Rfclb restorer CMS (311)

QTL11-6RS

Rfc2 restorer CMS (311)

QTL12-2R, 4R

Drought tolerance (338)

QTL13-1RS14

Number of seeds per spikelet (in wheat) (515)

QTL14-1RL16

QChc.uas-1R.1,Chc1, Chlorophyll content in leaves (346,404)

QTL15-3RS16

QChc.uas-3R.1, Chc2, Chlorophyll content in leaves (346,404)

QTL16-4RL16

QChc.uas-4R.1,Chc3, Chlorophyll content in leaves (346,404)

QTL17-5RL16

QChc.uas-5R.1, Chc4, Chlorophyll content in leaves (346,404)

QTL18-5RL16

QGar.uas-5R.1, Gar1, Sensitivity of seedlings to gibberellic acid (346,404)

QTL19-1RL16

QGar.uas-1R.1, Gar2, Sensitivity of seedlings to gibberellic acid (346,404)

QTL20-7RL16

QGar.uas-7R.1, Gar3, Sensitivity of seedlings to gibberellic acid (346,404)

QTL21-1RS16

QAbr.uas-1R.1, Abr1, Sensitivity of seedlings to abscisic acids (346,404)

QTL22-2RS16

QAbr.uas-2R.1, Abr2, Sensitivity of seedlings to abscisic acids (346,404)

QTL23-5RL16

QAbr.uas-5R.1, Abr3, Sensitivity of seedlings to abscisic acids (346,404)

QTL24-1RS16

QAmy.uas-1R.1, Amy1-1, Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407,430)

QTL65-1RS16

QAmy.uas-1R.2, Amy  , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker intervals Xiag95–Xapr1.5, Xubp19–Xem1.27  (430)

QTL88-1RL16

QAmy.uas-1R.1, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xapr1.1–Xbcd442  (430)

QTL66-1RL16

QAmy.uas-1R.3, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xapr1.12–Xapr1.11 (430)

QTL25-2RS16

QAmy.uas-2R.1, Amy2, Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407)

QTL67-2RS16

QAmy.uas-2R.2, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase, marker intervals Xapr2.24–Xapr2.22, Xpsr900–Xem2.10  (430)

QTL75-2RL16

QAmy.uas-2R.3, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase, marker interval Xapr2.12–Xpsr901  (430); coincides with preharvest sprouting locus Amy1;  marker interval Xpr181-1200–Xis2.1 (473)

QTL26-3RS16

QAmy.uas-3R.1, Amy3, Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407)

QTL68-3RS16

QAmy.uas-3R.2, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase, marker interval Xapr3.14–Xapr3.16  (430)

QTL76-3RL16

QAmy.uas-3R.1, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xubp20–Xapr3.3 (430) coincides with preharvest sprouting Phs1;  marker interval Xpr665-420–Xis09-500 (473)

QTL27-3RL16

QAmy.uas-3R.2, Amy4, Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407)

QTL69-4RS16

QAmy.uas-4R.2, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase, marker interval Xapr4.15–Xapr4.16  (430)

QTL70-4RL16

QAmy.uas-4R.1, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xapr4.25–Xapr4.26  (430)

QTL77-4RL16

QAmy.uas-4R.3, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xpsr167–Xpsr899  (430)

QTL28-5RS16

QAmy.uas-5R.1, Amy5, Activity of alpha-amylase,   (404,407)

QTL71-5RS16

QAmy.uas-5R.2, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker intervals Xapr5.13–Xapr5.14, Xpsr1327–Xubp3  (430)

QTL87-5RL16

QAmy.uas-5R.1, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase, marker interval Xapr5.2–alpha-Amy3, Xapr5.2–alpha-Amy3 (430); coincides with preharvest sprouting Phs2;  marker interval Xpr215-480–Xis43-810 (473)

QTL29-5RL16

QAmy.uas-5R.2, Amy6, Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407)

QTL72-5RL16

QAmy.uas-5R.3, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xapr5.24–Xapr5.2  (430); 5RL =  Xrms1115, Xscm74, Xscm77 (479)

QTL78-6RS16

QAmy.uas-6R.2, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xpsr106-1–Xem6.11 (430); coincides with preharvest sprouting Phs3;  marker interval Xapr6.43-–Xapr6.41 (473)

QTL30-6RL16

QAmy.uas-6R.1, Amy7 , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xscm46–Xapr6.7  (404,407,430)

QTL73-6RL16

QAmy.uas-6R.1, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interal Est5–Xpsr454  (430)

QTL74-7RS16

QAmy.uas-7R.2, Amy , Activity of alpha-amylase; marker interval Xopq4a–Xapr7.25 (430)

QTL31-7RL16

QAmy.uas-7R.1, Amy8 Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407)

QTL32-7RL16

QAmy.uas-7R.2, Amy9 Activity of alpha-amylase  (404,407)

QTL33-3RL

QHt.uas-3R.1, Ht1, Plant height (404,405)

QTL34-5RL

QHt.uas-5R.1, Ht2, Plant height (404,405,496)

QTL35-5RL

QSl.uas-5R.1, Sl1,Spike length (404,405,499)

QTL36-2RL

QTgw.uas-2R.1,Tgw1, Thousand grain weight (404,405,499,506)

QTL37-3RL

QTgw.uas-3R.1,Tgw2, Thousand grain weight (404,405,499,506)

QTL38-5RL

QTgw.uas-5R.1,Tgw3, Thousand grain weight (404,405,499,506)

QTL39-2RS

QKl.uas-2R.1,Kl1, Kernel length (404,405)

QTL40-3RL

QKl.uas-3R.1,Kl1, Kernel length (404,405)

QTL41-5RL

QKl.uas-5R.1,Kl2, Kernel length (404,405)

QTL42-1RS

QKt.uas-1R.1,Kt1, Kernel thickness  (404,405)

QTL43-2RL

QKt.uas-2R.1,Kt2, Kernel thickness  (404,405)

QTL44-3RL

QKt.uas-3R.1,Kt3, Kernel thickness  (404,405)

QTL45-4RS

QKt.uas-4R.1,Kt4, Kernel thickness  (404,405)

QTL46-5RL

QKt.uas-5R.1,Kt5, Kernel thickness  (404,405)

QTL47-4RS

QHd.uas-4R.1,Hd1, Heading time (404,408)

QTL48-5RL

QHd.uas-5R.1,Hd2, Heading time  (404,408,496)

QTL49-2RL

QFl.uas-2R.1,Fl1, Length of flag leaf  (404)

QTL50-4RL

QFl.uas-4R.1,Fl2, Length of flag leaf  (404)

QTL51-3RL

QSinl.uas-3R.1,Sinl1, Length of flag leaf  (404)

QTL52-5RL

QSinl.uas-5R.1,Sinl2, Length of flag leaf  (404)

QTL53-5RS

QSint.uas-5R.1,Sint1, Thickness of 2nd internode (404)

QTL54-7RL

QSint.uas-7R.1,Sint2, Thickness of 2nd internode (404)

QTL55-2RS

QKns.uas-2R.1,Kns1, Number of kernels per spike (404,499)

QTL56-3RL

QKns.uas-3R.1,Kns2, Number of kernels per spike (404,499)

QTL57-5RL

QKns.uas-3R.1,Kns3, Number of kernels per spike (404,499)

QTL58-3RS

QVisc.uas-3R.1,Visc1, Number of kernels per spike (404,406,499)

QTL59-3RS

QVisc.uas-3R.2,Visc2, Number of kernels per spike (404,406,499)

QTL79-1RS16

QPhs.uas-1R.2; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xapr1.5–Xapr1.22, Xem1.20–Xem1.27 (430)

QTL60-1RL16

QPhs.uas-1R.1; Preharvest sprouting; Ot1-3,  additive gene action; marker interval Xapr1.18–Xapr1.17 (416,430)

QTL61-2RL16

QPhs.uas-2R.1; Preharvest sprouting; Ot1-3,  dominant gene action; marker interval Xapr2.15–Xapr2.20 (416,430,473)

QTL85-2RL16

QPhs.uas-2R.3; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xapr2.12–Xpsr901 (430); coincides with preharvest sprouting locus Amy1;  marker interval Xpr181-1200–Xis2.1 (473)

QTL80-3RS16

QPhs.uas-3R.2; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xapr3.14–Xapr3.16 (430); coincides with preharvest sprouting Phs1;  marker interval Xpr665-420–Xis09-500 (473)

QTL81-4RL16

QPhs.uas-4R.1; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xapr4.25–Xapr4.26 (430)

QTL82-5RS16

QPhs.uas-5R.2; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xapr5.13–Xapr5.14 (430)

QTL86-5RL16

QPhs.uas-5R.3; Preharvest sprouting, marker interval Xmtd862–Dw155 (430)

QTL62-5RL16

QPhs.uas-5R.1; Preharvest sprouting; Ot1-3,  dominant gene action; marker intervals alpha-Amy3–Xis5.1, Xapr5.2alpha-Amy3 (416,430); coincides with preharvest sprouting Phs2;  marker interval Xpr215-480–Xis43-810 (473)

QTL83-6RS16

QPhs.uas-6R.2; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xpsr106-1–Xscm112 (430); coincides with preharvest sprouting Phs3;  marker interval Xapr6.43-–Xapr6.41 (473)

QTL63-6RL16

QPhs.uas-6R.1; Preharvest sprouting; Ot1-3,  dominant gene action; marker interval Xscm78–Xapr6.7, Xpsr454–XksuD2 (416,430)

QTL84-7RS16

QPhs.uas-7R.2; Preharvest sprouting; marker interval Xopq4a–Xapr7.25 (430)

QTL64-7RL16

QPhs.uas-7R.1; Preharvest sprouting; Ot1-3,  recessive gene action; marker interval Xapr7.30–Xapr7.31 (416,430)

QTL89-1RS

Rooting ability, the terminal 15% of the rye 1RS arm carries gene(s) for greater rooting ability in wheat (447)

QTL90-7R

Pentosan content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL91-3R

Proein content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL92-5R

Protein content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL93-6R

Protein content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL94-7R

Protein content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL95-1R

Starch content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL96-2R

Starch content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL97-3R

Starch content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL98-5R

Starch content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL99-7R

Starch content, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL100-1R

Thousand kernel weight, confirmed after test crossing (491,499,506)

QTL101-4R

Thousand kernel weight, confirmed after test crossing (491,499,506,520)

QTL102-5R

Thousand kernel weight, confirmed after test crossing (491,499,506)

QTL103-7R

Thousand kernel weight, confirmed after test crossing (491,506)

QTL104-1R

Test weight, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL105-4R

Test weight, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL106-5R

Test weight, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL107-7R

Test weight, confirmed after test crossing (491)

QTL108-5R

Tissue culture response, negative, immature embryos producing embryogenic callus (493)

QTL109-6R

Tissue culture response, negative, immature embryos producing embryogenic callus (493)

QTL110-1R

Tissue culture response, positive, immature embryos forming embryogenic callus (493)

QTL111-6R

Tissue culture response, positive, immature embryos forming embryogenic callus (493)

QTL112.5RL

Fusarium head blight severty in triticale (48% of variability) (496)

QTL113.3R

Number of spikelets per spike (499), marker XrPt505214, XrPt505592, XrPt506504

QTL114.5R

Number of spikelets per spike (499), marker XrPt347454, XrPt401454, XrPt411244, XrPt411244, XrPt398706

QTL115.4R

Number of kernels per spike (499), marker XrPt116809, XrPt508372, XrPt508372, XrPt509637, XrPt402158, XrPt402158

QTL116.2R

Kernel weight per spike (499), marker Xrpt402364, Xrpt347771, Xrpt401519

QTL117.3R

Kernel weight per spike (499), marker XrPt344420, XrPt507897, XrPt344420

QTL118.4R

Kernel weight per spike (499), marker XrPt116809, XrPt401412, XrPt508372, XrPt390758, XrPt402158, XrPt402158

QTL119.6R

Kernel weight per spike (499), marker XrPt400777, XrPt398472, XrPt400777, XrPt399985, XrPt399985, XrPt399985

QTL120.6R

Thousand kernel weight (499,506), marker XrPt399985, XrPt399985, XrPt399985

QTL121.5R

Resistance to soil-born cereal mosaic virus (511)

QTL122.7R

Resistance to wheat spindle streak mosaic virus (511)

QTL123.7RS

Aluminium tolerance (516)

QTL124.4R

Frost and cold tolerance (519)

QTL125.5R

Frost and cold tolerance (519)

QTL126.7R

Frost and cold tolerance (519)

QTL127.2R

Tan spot resistance, Pyrenophora tritici-repentis race 5 (528)

QTL128.5R

Tan spot resistance, Pyrenophora tritici-repentis race 5 (528)

R, R1 >>> An5

 

Rc58

Red coleoptile (476)

rd

Reed growth habit

re

Reduced ear (361)

Reg

Red grain

REV139

Revolver; a transposon-like gene; consists of 2929-3041 bp with an inverted repeated sequence on each end and is dispersed through all seven chromosomes  (422)

Rf syn Rfc

Male fertility restorer

Rfc >>> Rf

Male fertility restorer of the Pampa cytoplasm

Rfg

Male fertility restorer of the Guelzow cytoplasm

Rfp1

Male fertility restorer from Iranian primitive population (313,403)

Rfp2

Male fertility restorer from Argentinean landrace (313,403)

Rfp3

Male fertility restorer from Iranian primitive population, Altevogt 14160 (518)

Rga51

Enhanced root growth ability in wheat (447)

rlt141241

cDNA clone from rye “Puma” highest expressed in root tissue conferring information for cold tolerance (424)

rlt142141

cDNA clone from rye “Puma” highest expressed in leaf tissue conferring information for cold tolerance (424)

Rm

Rye mildew

RNAse 

RNAse

Rog

Round grain

rps

Mitochondrial genes (322), encoding the mitochondrial 18S  ribosomal RNA

rps19

 5'-truncated mitochondrial pseudogene co-transcribed with a downstream nad4L gene (340)

rr

Red rachis

rrn

Gene encoding the mitochondrial 18S ribosomal RNA

rs

Reduced seed set

3Rt58

Anthocyanidin-3-glucoside rhamnosyltransferase of anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway (476)

Tcr-n

Tissue culture response, negative (492)

Tcr-p

Tissue culture response, positive (492)

RYS1

A mobile element activated during tissue culture; a foldback (FB) transposon first described in rye and also the first active plant FB transposon reported

S1 >>> a1

Vertical arrangement of leaves (371)

S syn Z

Self-incompatility (353)

S5 syn Sf5

Self-incompatibility

Sa65

Size of antheres (502)

Sbp syn Xpsr804

 

Sc

Color of spike

SCXI >>> I(scx)

 

Sdf

Soluble dietary fiber content

Sec...

Secalin (458)

Sec1

40-55 kDa ω-secalin showing 15 copies of the gene (354,458)

Sec1a >>> Sec1

 

Sec1b >>> Sec1

 

Sec234

40-75 kDa gamma-secalin (458)

Sec3

 

Sec3a >>> Sec3

 

Sec3b >>> Sec3

 

Sec4 syn Gli-R3 syn Pr

 

Sec5

40-75 kDa gamma-secalin (458)

Sf

Self-fertility

Si >>> Asi >>> I(as)

 

Skd

Shikimate dehydrogenase

sl

Plants without spikes and spikelets (372,373)

Sl

Length of spike (361,499)

sl syn sp

Spreading leaf

Sn

Number of spikelets per spike (361,499)

Sod

Superoxide dismutase

sp >>> sl

 

Sp syn Sp1 syn Vrn

Spring growth habit (361,362,438)

Spf  >>> QTL13-1RS13 

Spikelet fertility (207,361)

Sr  

Resistance to stem rust (Puccinia graminis) (380)

Sr31

Resistance to stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in 1AL.1RS translocated wheat ‘Amigo’ = ‘Insave’ rye (389)

Sr59

Resistance to stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in 2DS.2RL translocated chromosome (512)

sr >>> dr

 

ss1 syn Xpsr490

 

Ss2 syn Xpsr489

 

SsI(Ta)

Soluble starch synthetase I transporter gene (SSI) (363)

Ssp...12

Salt-soluble protein (299)

Su(cp)

Homoeologous pairing suppressor

Su(hsp)

Suppressor of heat shock proteins of wheat

Sut(Ta)

Sucrose transporter gene wheat, homoeologous group 4

Sw

Stem waxiness

sy >>> syn

 

sy1 = syn1 = asc115

(182,343,359); affects recombination events

sy2 = dsc115

 

sy3 = asc415

Weak asynaptic mutant (345)

sy2a = dsc215

 

sy2b = dsc315

 

sy6

Causing nonhomologous synapsis (345)

sy7

Causing nonhomologous synapsis (345)

sy8

Causing nonhomologous synapsis (345)

sy9 = asc215

connected with defects of the assembly of synaptonemal complex axial cores (474)

sy10 = asc315,32

Causing nonhomologous synapsis (345,359); coupled with the presence of protein Zyp1 in the core region. The assembly of proteins Asy1 and Zyp1 on the axes of meiotic chromosomes was shown to occur separately, which is a specific feature of rye, as compared to arabidopsis (474)

sy19

Impairs the homology of meiotic chromosome synapsis (488)

syn >>> asc or dsc

 

T

Self-incompatility (353)

Ta(Almt1)42

Aluminum-activated malate transporter renamed by the authors from TaALMT1; identical or closely linked with the Alt4 locus (409,429)

TAM... >>> Xtam...

 

TBP5L/4L

Evolutionary translocation break point 5RL/4RL in rye (476)

TBP6L/3L

Evolutionary translocation break point 6RL/3RL in rye (476)

Tc

Color of tillers

Tc427

(363)

Tcr-p

Positive tissue culture response (492)

td

Disturbed tetrade formation

tg

Tulip growth habit

Thi

Thionin

ti 

Tigrina

Tp

Transposition

Tpi

Triosephosphate isomerase

trnS

Coding for tRNASer (GCU)

Tr

Translocation breakpoint

Tw

Thousand grain weight (363,425,506)

Tw125

Thousand grain weight (363,425,506) on chromosome 5R

Tw225

Thousand grain weight (363,425,506) on chromosome 7R

Tyr

Tyrosinase

tys

transversal yellow strips on leaf (484); lethal chlorophyll mutant

Uba syn Xpsr860

 

ug

Production of unreduced gamtes in diploid rye (394); named by the author

V >>> Hg

 

va

Viridoalbina

vb >>> vi

Viridis

Vdac1 syn Xtav1961

 

Vdac2 syn Xtav1960

 

vi syn an

Viridis, virescent, anthocyaninless

vi1 >>> an1

 

Vrn >>> Sp

 

Vs >>> Ps

Violet seeds

w >>> wa 1

Waxless plant with waxy nodes

wa syn epr

 

wa1

Waxless plant

wg syn es

Waxless glume

WG... >>> Xwg...

 

wh

White

whg

White glume

Wsm...

Resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus

Wsp...

Water-soluble proteins (412)

wx >>> wa164

Waxy endosperm (455,501)

   Copyright  R. Schlegel   &   V. Korzun    2004 2005 2006 2007 2008  2009  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015  2016  2017 2018 2019 2020